UKTC Archive

RE: Tree hazard potential assessment study Highway and street tree needs and effects

Subject: RE: Tree hazard potential assessment study Highway and street tree needs and effects
From: Philip van Wassenaer
Date: Oct 10 2019 20:47:44
The form was from 2004. The ITFD has risen and fallen a few times since then 
but mostly US trees have been entered. This comes out of the California CTFRP 
which I think is alive and well and does get many new additions each year. 
https://ucanr.edu/sites/treefail/

 

" The California Tree Failure Report Program (CTFRP), now called the Western 
Tree Failure Database (WTFD), was established in 1987 to collect quantitative 
information on the mechanical failure of urban trees (trunk breaks, branch 
breaks, and uprootings)”

 

While this may not be "the" solution, I do agree that developing failure 
profiles for UK trees would be very useful and benefit all of those 
discussing tree failures, frequency thereof and the outcomes associated with 
the failures. Only the "bad' ones get media and then barrister attention.

 

Maybe this could be an initiative that the AA could sponsor and could be a 
good project for a graduate student who might be interested.

 

Cheers,

 

Philip

 

 

Philip van Wassenaer, B.SC., MFC

Principal Consultant

Urban Forest Innovations Inc.

Mississauga, Ontario, Canada

www.urbanforestinnovations.com

 

 

-----Original Message-----
From: uktc-request@xxxxxx.tree-care.info 
[mailto:uktc-request@xxxxxx.tree-care.info] On Behalf Of 
elsteadbysea@xxxxxxxxxxx.com
Sent: October-10-19 8:11 AM
To: UK Tree Care
Subject: RE: Tree hazard potential assessment study Highway and street tree 
needs and effects

 

Agree and option to add photographs.

 

Philip 

 

-----Original Message-----

From: uktc-request@xxxxxx.tree-care.info <uktc-request@xxxxxx.tree-care.info> 
On Behalf Of Alastair Durkin

Sent: 10 October 2019 13:07

To: UK Tree Care <uktc@xxxxxx.tree-care.info>

Subject: RE: Tree hazard potential assessment study Highway and street tree 
needs and effects

 

Yep, that’s definitely onerous and time consuming! Just needs a very simple 
form on an app.

 

 

-----Original Message-----

From: uktc-request@xxxxxx.tree-care.info <uktc-request@xxxxxx.tree-care.info> 
On Behalf Of elsteadbysea@xxxxxxxxxxx.com

Sent: 10 October 2019 12:06

To: UK Tree Care <uktc@xxxxxx.tree-care.info>

Subject: RE: Tree hazard potential assessment study Highway and street tree 
needs and effects

 

Attached is the form I mentioned today.

The data can be entered onto a web page found on the form.

 

Phillip

 

-----Original Message-----

From: uktc-request@xxxxxx.tree-care.info <uktc-request@xxxxxx.tree-care.info> 
On Behalf Of elsteadbysea@xxxxxxxxxxx.com

Sent: 10 October 2019 11:46

To: UK Tree Care <uktc@xxxxxx.tree-care.info>

Subject: RE: Tree hazard potential assessment study Highway and street tree 
needs and effects

 

A few years ago I attended a course at Kew on this very subject and we were 
given a form to use similar to the one in the Matheny/clark book.

It never got off the ground as I think it was quite onerous and time 
consuming.

I will have a search for it in an old computer.

 

Phillip

 

-----Original Message-----

From: uktc-request@xxxxxx.tree-care.info <uktc-request@xxxxxx.tree-care.info> 
On Behalf Of Liam McKarry

Sent: 10 October 2019 10:08

To: UK Tree Care <uktc@xxxxxx.tree-care.info>

Subject: RE: Tree hazard potential assessment study Highway and street tree 
needs and effects

 

Its one of the greatest failings of the Arboricultural profession. We don't 
record each and every failure, whether it's a near miss or something that 
causes actual damage to persons or property as a result we have no 
statistical data to base decisions.

 

Wouldn't it be great if each time a tree fails or loses a branch (or 
whatever) that the information is recorded into a national database so that 
eventually there could be analysis of what happens, where it happens and how 
often it happens thereby allowing a much greater degree of risk analysis to 
be done.

 

Regards

 

Liam McKarry

Arboricultural Officer (Planning)

Colchester Borough Council

Rowan House

33 Sheepen Road

Colchester

CO3 3WG

01206 XXXXXX

 

-----Original Message-----

From: uktc-request@xxxxxx.tree-care.info <uktc-request@xxxxxx.tree-care.info> 
On Behalf Of Julian Morris

Sent: 10 October 2019 09:50

To: UK Tree Care <uktc@xxxxxx.tree-care.info>

Subject: Re: Tree hazard potential assessment study Highway and street tree 
needs and effects

 

I disagree strongly with Jim's take on this. Tree failures are not random. 
Nothing is random in nature, save perhaps the timing of spontaneous 
degradation of individual radioactive elements.

 

We might not have the information to predict when part of a tree will fail, 
partly because we haven't a full understanding of the physiology and 
biomechanics of trees, partly because we haven't the ability to predict 
microclimatic conditions around the tree and partly because we cannot see 
inside the tree and the soil around it, nut it's sure as heck not random. It 
may seem quasi-random, but an experienced professional should be able to 
narrow it down a good deal.

 

After all, were it truly random there would be no such thing as reasonable 
foreseability, and thus no basis for duty of care.

 

At odds with the statement "tree risk assessments are necessary as the 
alternative is utter indifference" I'd say they are necessary as a defence 
against liability in negligence. Most clients require them not to save lives 
but to save liability.

 

There, it's more interesting if someone gives a reasoned disagreement. I 
wouldn't want you thinking that Jim had it in an nutshell.

 

Julian A. Morris - Professional Tree Services jamtrees.co.uk  and  
highhedgesscotland.com

0778 XXX XXXX - 0141 XXX XXXX

 

be

Sent: Wednesday, October 09, 2019 at 5:59 PM

From: "Wayne Tyson" <wt750mv@xxxxxx.com>

To: "UK Tree Care" <uktc@xxxxxx.tree-care.info>

Subject: Re: Tree hazard potential assessment study Highway and street 

tree needs and effects



Re: Jim Quaife's reply of October 4, 2019



Would I be correct in assuming that Jim's reply sums up the universal 

position of the tree management profession(s) on this collective/forum?



Wayne



On Fri, Oct 4, 2019 at 12:23 AM Jim Quaife <jq@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx.co.uk>

wrote:



The difficulty is that tree failures of any significance are not 

only rare, but largely unpredictable.  We may see a "dodgy" branch 

overhanging a road and feel that we have done our job by requiring 

it to be removed (as we have), but we have absolutely no basis upon 

which to assess whether an incident has been prevented.

As I have said before, we have no statistically significant data 

upon which to assess tree risk.  In the professional field of 

statistics, being significant is not primarily a matter of the 

sample size (which with tree risk is microscopic) although that is a 

factor, it means that the results can discount randomness.

Whichever way one looks at it, tree failures are random, and incidents 
caused by tree failure are also random.

There is no easy answer because the primary drive for tree risk 

assessment is from insurers.  The coroner in the Wirral case had no 

advice provided about tree risk and although the recommendation for 

the authority to smarten up its act was correct, the stated purpose 

was to "prevent" another such incident.  There is no tree risk 

assessment - in the world - that can prevent tree failures.  Tree 

risk might be reduced, although we have absolutely no idea as to the 

effectiveness, but other than clear-felling tree failures are a fact 

of nature, and aggravated by the treatment we expose urban trees to as 
Ian describes.

May I make it absolutely clear that I do make any criticism of the 

coroner at all.  I'm not sure I understand tree risk as 

comprehensively as I should

- and I'm supposed to know!

Despite being unable to gauge their efficacy, tree risk assessments 

are necessary as the alternative is utter indifference.  I like to 

think that we have saved some damage, injury and death over the 

years, but that is merely intuitive.

Jim





-----Original Message-----

From: uktc-request@xxxxxx.tree-care.info [mailto:

uktc-request@xxxxxx.tree-care.info] On Behalf Of Wayne Tyson

Sent: 03 October 2019 22:02

To: UK Tree Care

Subject: Re: Tree hazard potential assessment study Highway and 

street tree needs and effects



Thanks for the excellent summary; unfortunately it appears that the 

UK is plagued with some of the same threats to trees that are common in 
the US.

Trees need advocates, but so do victims of tree failures--as I said, 

trees don't fail unless the, shall we say, the stress:resistance 

ratio comes into balance. That, plus one "silly millimeter" of 

additional force is added by one last insult to tree integrity, is 

all it takes to come to the last straw, and the camel or tree is lost, 
taking other things with it.



There can be no question that predicting *when* a tree is going to 

fall is functionally impossible, but even though some indicators of 

an unarrested trend toward further instability may be difficult to 

assess, that should not license the ignoring of obvious 

indicators/factors that add up to that trend. If, shall we say, that 

proactive measures were taken to intercept such trees or branches 

before they kill some one or smash motorcars, etc., the 

precautionary principle should not be said to be taken to extremes.

*In such cases only*, if trees exhibiting clear evidence that such 

trends exist, taking them down before they drop (branches or entire

trees) before the trend becomes so advanced that the tree reaches a point 
where it is dangerous to work on/in, it should at least qualify as a 
"mercy killing"

and reduce or eliminate tree hazard potential. After all, the tree 

so assessed is going to die anyway, so "putting it out of its 

misery" and preventing the loss of whatever it happens to collide 

with simply make ultimate good sense.



However, *denial is on the increase*, at least here in the USA 

(where it has reached absurd levels from top to bottom), meaning 

that it becomes an issue of sense or sentiment in the political 

realm. Decision-making in the face of senseless opposition takes courage.



Wayne



On Thu, Oct 3, 2019 at 11:47 AM Brewster, Ian 

<Ian.Brewster@xxxxxxx.co.uk>

wrote:



It’s a case of tree fitting in with the street scene not the other 

way round as otherwise there would be very few good urban trees.

Once back in the Victorian days and earlier there were no hard 

surfaces, just mud tracks, then came gas, electric, cables, 

standard highway

builds,

high sided vehicles, all contributing to the gradual shrinkage of 

a

trees’

potential crown and root expanse.

So subsequently those large trees and future plantings were 

shaped, hybridised (Streetwise!) and pushed into holes thinking 

that their roots would inevitably find their own pocket of 

gold…often wrapping around a solid pipe to extract condensation or 

under a paved surface trying to

grip

onto something solid to hold itself up during those high winds. So 

pipes get fractured, repairs carried out hacking through roots by 

non arbs,

roots

get shaved and tarmac re-levelled and laid by highways engineers, 

by non arbs, etc. etc. So we introduce more utilities, some 

statutory like water and telecommunications, and the tree has to 

put up or be removed. Any

poor

arborist trying to keep on the top of all this adverse pressure by 

providing alternatives/routes and then having to deal with 

concerns from residents expectation for more light, 

garage/driveway cracks, wanting

more

light, less leaf fall and bird sh*t is one special person imo.

Ever tried finding an actual intact RPA in the highway is a rarity 

so that’s why Highway trees have a reduce shelf life having to 

contend with other

needs.

Will the root hacking, branch cutting ever cease, doubt it. But 

those utility and highways engineers need to be aware of the 

consequences as a result of their actions.

What ever happened to the most excellent NJUG?



From: uktc-request@xxxxxx.tree-care.info <

uktc-request@xxxxxx.tree-care.info>

On Behalf Of Wayne Tyson

Sent: 03 October 2019 19:19

To: UK Tree Care <uktc@xxxxxx.tree-care.info>

Subject: Re: Tree hazard potential assessment study Highway and 

street tree needs and effects



Ok, but how about other tree professionals?



Remember, I'm from the USA, so don't know anything about UK laws, etc.



I look at tree condition solely from the standpoint of the tree.

My study has revealed that nearly all street and highway tree 

failures occur

because

of some form of interference to the tree's normal development--to 

put it politely. Here in the USA, I am beginning to suspect that 

too much is

taken

for granted with (dis?)respect to trees. Root damage, including 
"pruning"

does not improve tree condition and is unjustifiable. Crown 

pruning practices such as "lacing" and "top-hatting" seem to be 

expedients practiced by those with limited knowledge of tree 

biology. Any pruning

that

unbalances the crown is similarly suspect. Highway construction 

tends to damage the root systems of adjacent trees, and and street 

tree planting also interferes with normal root system development.

Needless to say, trenching, even at some distance from the tree 

reduces the amount of resistance to toppling, even though severed roots 
are relatively small.

Large roots on most species do not "grow back." I could go on, but 

you

get

my drift. I am interested in how other countries approach trees 

and their management and prevention of damage, injury, and death 

due to tree failures.



Tree failures or often blamed on God or Nature in the USA, or are 

written off as "freak accidents." Bs.



My recommendations will have the effect of increasing 

work/business for tree professionals, not reducing it. But it also 

will increase the level

of

competence. Any yahoo with a chain saw should not be able to pass 

themselves off as any sort of tree professional, so the 

incompetent and others who are certain they know everything may be 

concerned about the exposure of their "new clothes" as being at 

least transparent if not nonexistent. Of course those on this list 

are, by definition, presumed to be exceptions--their participation 

in this forum is a sign of intelligent enquiry, not arrogance (with, 
perhaps, occasional exceptions).



Wayne



On Thu, Oct 3, 2019 at 7:36 AM Brewster, Ian 

<Ian.Brewster@xxxxxxx.co.uk <mailto:Ian.Brewster@xxxxxxx.co.uk>>

wrote:



I expect that would be the majority of tree failures from the 

Highway

but

doubt any TO is going to provide you with examples on this 

public

forum.

.





Sent from my Samsung Galaxy smartphone.

I expect that would be the majority of tree failures from the 

Highway

but

doubt any TO is going to provide you with examples on this 

public

forum.

.





Sent from my Samsung Galaxy smartphone.





-------- Original message --------

From: Wayne Tyson <wt750mv@xxxxxx.com<mailto:wt750mv@xxxxxx.com>>

Date: 03/10/2019 15:32 (GMT+00:00)

To: UK Tree Care <uktc@xxxxxx.tree-care.info<mailto:

uktc@xxxxxx.tree-care.info>>

Subject: Tree hazard potential assessment study Highway and 

street tree needs and effects



I would like to hear from as many tree professionals as possible

regarding

how proximity of a highway or other public or private paving in 

areas

where

failure of the tree could be due, in part, to substandard root

development

and/or root system damage caused by the construction of 

improvements

that

affect tree health and related risk.



I am only concerned with the tree's welfare; I am not concerned 

with

laws,

rules, and other conventions that are not based on solid, 

preferably scientific, evidence.



I am finding that such proximity is often a factor in tree 

health and failures.



Thanks in advance to all respondents.



Wayne







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The UK Tree Care mailing list

To unsubscribe send mailto:uktc-unsubscribe@xxxxxx.tree-care.info



The UKTC is supported by Bosky Trees arboricultural consultancy 

http://www.boskytrees.co.uk/<http://www.boskytrees.co.uk/><

http://www.boskytrees.co.uk/<http://www.boskytrees.co.uk/>>

NPS

-------- Original message --------

From: Wayne Tyson <wt750mv@xxxxxx.com<mailto:wt750mv@xxxxxx.com>>

Date: 03/10/2019 15:32 (GMT+00:00)

To: UK Tree Care <uktc@xxxxxx.tree-care.info<mailto:

uktc@xxxxxx.tree-care.info>>

Subject: Tree hazard potential assessment study Highway and 

street tree needs and effects



I would like to hear from as many tree professionals as possible

regarding

how proximity of a highway or other public or private paving in 

areas

where

failure of the tree could be due, in part, to substandard root

development

and/or root system damage caused by the construction of 

improvements

that

affect tree health and related risk.



I am only concerned with the tree's welfare; I am not concerned 

with

laws,

rules, and other conventions that are not based on solid, 

preferably scientific, evidence.



I am finding that such proximity is often a factor in tree 

health and failures.



Thanks in advance to all respondents.



Wayne







--

The UK Tree Care mailing list

To unsubscribe send mailto:uktc-unsubscribe@xxxxxx.tree-care.info



The UKTC is supported by Bosky Trees arboricultural consultancy 

http://www.boskytrees.co.uk/<http://www.boskytrees.co.uk/><

http://www.boskytrees.co.uk/<http://www.boskytrees.co.uk/>>







--

The UK Tree Care mailing list

To unsubscribe send mailto:uktc-unsubscribe@xxxxxx.tree-care.info



The UKTC is supported by Bosky Trees arboricultural consultancy 

http://www.boskytrees.co.uk/<http://www.boskytrees.co.uk/>









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To unsubscribe send mailto:uktc-unsubscribe@xxxxxx.tree-care.info



The UKTC is supported by Bosky Trees arboricultural consultancy 

http://www.boskytrees.co.uk/<http://www.boskytrees.co.uk/>

It’s a case of tree fitting in with the street scene not the other 

way round as otherwise there would be very few good urban trees.

Once back in the Victorian days and earlier there were no hard 

surfaces, just mud tracks, then came gas, electric, cables, 

standard highway

builds,

high sided vehicles, all contributing to the gradual shrinkage of 

a

trees’

potential crown and root expanse.

So subsequently those large trees and future plantings were 

shaped, hybridised (Streetwise!) and pushed into holes thinking 

that their roots would inevitably find their own pocket of 

gold…often wrapping around a solid pipe to extract condensation or 

under a paved surface trying to

grip

onto something solid to hold itself up during those high winds. So 

pipes get fractured, repairs carried out hacking through roots by 

non arbs,

roots

get shaved and tarmac re-levelled and laid by highways engineers, 

by non arbs, etc. etc. So we introduce more utilities, some 

statutory like water and telecommunications, and the tree has to 

put up or be removed. Any

poor

arborist trying to keep on the top of all this adverse pressure by 

providing alternatives/routes and then having to deal with 

concerns from residents expectation for more light, 

garage/driveway cracks, wanting

more

light, less leaf fall and bird sh*t is one special person imo.

Ever tried finding an actual intact RPA in the highway is a rarity 

so that’s why Highway trees have a reduce shelf life having to 

contend with other

needs.

Will the root hacking, branch cutting ever cease, doubt it. But 

those utility and highways engineers need to be aware of the 

consequences as a result of their actions.

What ever happened to the most excellent NJUG?



From: uktc-request@xxxxxx.tree-care.info <

uktc-request@xxxxxx.tree-care.info>

On Behalf Of Wayne Tyson

Sent: 03 October 2019 19:19

To: UK Tree Care <uktc@xxxxxx.tree-care.info>

Subject: Re: Tree hazard potential assessment study Highway and 

street tree needs and effects



Ok, but how about other tree professionals?



Remember, I'm from the USA, so don't know anything about UK laws, etc.



I look at tree condition solely from the standpoint of the tree.

My study has revealed that nearly all street and highway tree 

failures occur

because

of some form of interference to the tree's normal development--to 

put it politely. Here in the USA, I am beginning to suspect that 

too much is

taken

for granted with (dis?)respect to trees. Root damage, including 
"pruning"

does not improve tree condition and is unjustifiable. Crown 

pruning practices such as "lacing" and "top-hatting" seem to be 

expedients practiced by those with limited knowledge of tree 

biology. Any pruning

that

unbalances the crown is similarly suspect. Highway construction 

tends to damage the root systems of adjacent trees, and and street 

tree planting also interferes with normal root system development.

Needless to say, trenching, even at some distance from the tree 

reduces the amount of resistance to toppling, even though severed roots 
are relatively small.

Large roots on most species do not "grow back." I could go on, but 

you

get

my drift. I am interested in how other countries approach trees 

and their management and prevention of damage, injury, and death 

due to tree failures.



Tree failures or often blamed on God or Nature in the USA, or are 

written off as "freak accidents." Bs.



My recommendations will have the effect of increasing 

work/business for tree professionals, not reducing it. But it also 

will increase the level

of

competence. Any yahoo with a chain saw should not be able to pass 

themselves off as any sort of tree professional, so the 

incompetent and others who are certain they know everything may be 

concerned about the exposure of their "new clothes" as being at 

least transparent if not nonexistent. Of course those on this list 

are, by definition, presumed to be exceptions--their participation 

in this forum is a sign of intelligent enquiry, not arrogance (with, 
perhaps, occasional exceptions).



Wayne



On Thu, Oct 3, 2019 at 7:36 AM Brewster, Ian 

<Ian.Brewster@xxxxxxx.co.uk <mailto:Ian.Brewster@xxxxxxx.co.uk>>

wrote:



I expect that would be the majority of tree failures from the 

Highway

but

doubt any TO is going to provide you with examples on this 

public

forum.

.





Sent from my Samsung Galaxy smartphone.

I expect that would be the majority of tree failures from the 

Highway

but

doubt any TO is going to provide you with examples on this 

public

forum.

.





Sent from my Samsung Galaxy smartphone.





-------- Original message --------

From: Wayne Tyson <wt750mv@xxxxxx.com<mailto:wt750mv@xxxxxx.com>>

Date: 03/10/2019 15:32 (GMT+00:00)

To: UK Tree Care <uktc@xxxxxx.tree-care.info<mailto:

uktc@xxxxxx.tree-care.info>>

Subject: Tree hazard potential assessment study Highway and 

street tree needs and effects



I would like to hear from as many tree professionals as possible

regarding

how proximity of a highway or other public or private paving in 

areas

where

failure of the tree could be due, in part, to substandard root

development

and/or root system damage caused by the construction of 

improvements

that

affect tree health and related risk.



I am only concerned with the tree's welfare; I am not concerned 

with

laws,

rules, and other conventions that are not based on solid, 

preferably scientific, evidence.



I am finding that such proximity is often a factor in tree 

health and failures.



Thanks in advance to all respondents.



Wayne







--

The UK Tree Care mailing list

To unsubscribe send mailto:uktc-unsubscribe@xxxxxx.tree-care.info



The UKTC is supported by Bosky Trees arboricultural consultancy 

http://www.boskytrees.co.uk/<http://www.boskytrees.co.uk/><

http://www.boskytrees.co.uk/<http://www.boskytrees.co.uk/>>

NPS

-------- Original message --------

From: Wayne Tyson <wt750mv@xxxxxx.com<mailto:wt750mv@xxxxxx.com>>

Date: 03/10/2019 15:32 (GMT+00:00)

To: UK Tree Care <uktc@xxxxxx.tree-care.info<mailto:

uktc@xxxxxx.tree-care.info>>

Subject: Tree hazard potential assessment study Highway and 

street tree needs and effects



I would like to hear from as many tree professionals as possible

regarding

how proximity of a highway or other public or private paving in 

areas

where

failure of the tree could be due, in part, to substandard root

development

and/or root system damage caused by the construction of 

improvements

that

affect tree health and related risk.



I am only concerned with the tree's welfare; I am not concerned 

with

laws,

rules, and other conventions that are not based on solid, 

preferably scientific, evidence.



I am finding that such proximity is often a factor in tree 

health and failures.



Thanks in advance to all respondents.



Wayne







--

The UK Tree Care mailing list

To unsubscribe send mailto:uktc-unsubscribe@xxxxxx.tree-care.info



The UKTC is supported by Bosky Trees arboricultural consultancy 

http://www.boskytrees.co.uk/<http://www.boskytrees.co.uk/><

http://www.boskytrees.co.uk/<http://www.boskytrees.co.uk/>>







--

The UK Tree Care mailing list

To unsubscribe send mailto:uktc-unsubscribe@xxxxxx.tree-care.info



The UKTC is supported by Bosky Trees arboricultural consultancy 

http://www.boskytrees.co.uk/<http://www.boskytrees.co.uk/>









--

The UK Tree Care mailing list

To unsubscribe send mailto:uktc-unsubscribe@xxxxxx.tree-care.info



The UKTC is supported by Bosky Trees arboricultural consultancy 

http://www.boskytrees.co.uk/<http://www.boskytrees.co.uk/>

NPS









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The UKTC is supported by Bosky Trees arboricultural consultancy 

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To unsubscribe send mailto:uktc-unsubscribe@xxxxxx.tree-care.info



The UKTC is supported by Bosky Trees arboricultural consultancy 

http://www.boskytrees.co.uk/







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To unsubscribe send mailto:uktc-unsubscribe@xxxxxx.tree-care.info



The UKTC is supported by Bosky Trees arboricultural consultancy 

http://www.boskytrees.co.uk/









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To unsubscribe send mailto:uktc-unsubscribe@xxxxxx.tree-care.info



The UKTC is supported by Bosky Trees arboricultural consultancy 

http://www.boskytrees.co.uk/



 

 

 

 

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The UKTC is supported by Bosky Trees arboricultural consultancy 
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The UKTC is supported by Bosky Trees arboricultural consultancy 
http://www.boskytrees.co.uk/

 

 

 

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To unsubscribe send mailto:uktc-unsubscribe@xxxxxx.tree-care.info

 

The UKTC is supported by Bosky Trees arboricultural consultancy 
http://www.boskytrees.co.uk/

 

 

 

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To unsubscribe send mailto:uktc-unsubscribe@xxxxxx.tree-care.info

 

The UKTC is supported by Bosky Trees arboricultural consultancy 
http://www.boskytrees.co.uk/

 

 

 

 

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To unsubscribe send mailto:uktc-unsubscribe@xxxxxx.tree-care.info

 

The UKTC is supported by Bosky Trees arboricultural consultancy

http://www.boskytrees.co.uk/




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To unsubscribe send mailto:uktc-unsubscribe@xxxxxx.tree-care.info

The UKTC is supported by Bosky Trees arboricultural consultancy
http://www.boskytrees.co.uk/